Big fan of science fiction movies? The chances are that you are familiar with cloning. Cloning is a controversial act, and it is deemed unethical among religious circles. Cloning is a process whereby an identical copy of an organism is created through natural or artificial means.
Here are 10 surprising facts about cloning that you never knew:
1. Myth on cloned products
Many people believe that meat originating from a cloned animal can’t be eaten. However, this is not true. FDA, a federation for monitoring food products approved the sale of cloned animals. You don’t have to worry whether you are taking natural or cloned meat as both are safe for consumption.
2. First Cloning Experiment
Most people do not know that the first cloning experiment took place back in 1885.It was carried out by Han Spemann. The sea urchin was the first animal to be cloned. It is unknown for how long the researchers at the time had the idea in mind.
3. Creatures subject to cloning
Don’t worry; you are not subject to cloning. At least not according to the existing laws. The only animals that are cloned presently are horses, rabbits, mule, deer, rats, cats, dogs, oxen and rhesus monkey.
4. Cloning on humans and primates
According to scientists, it is more complicated to clone human beings and primates. Scientists cited spindle proteins as the cause of this. However, it is good riddance! Can you imagine another you?
5. Dolly the sheep
The famous Dolly, the sheep, was a product of cloning back in 1996. The process was initiated from a simple cell with no fertilisation. The sheep was named after Dolly Parton, an American singer. It was the first mammal to be cloned.
6. Consequences of cloning
The result of artificial cloning in many cases is highly fatal large offspring syndrome. It is estimated that about 50% of cloned cattle succumb to the syndrome. As much as the cloning process has progressed over the years, scientists haven’t fully mastered the act. Each experiment is a learning experience for scientists.
7. Stick insects clone themselves
When stick insects, reproduce asexually, they produce genetic clones of themselves. An interesting twist to this is the fact that timema species has been female for one million years.
8. Woolly mammoth cloning
With the present cloning technology, scientists are trying to resurrect the woolly mammoth. Woolly mammoth went instinct back in 1650 BC. The process started in 2013 when scientists extracted tissue and blood from a frozen mammoth.
9. You can clone your dog for a price
Immerse yourself into the cloning technology and get your dog cloned. Be ready to part with $100,000. The dog that found the 9/11 last survivor was cloned and produced five puppies.
10. Side effects
Cloned animals easily fall prone to early death, cancer and pneumonia. With large abnormal organs, they have difficulties with breathing and blood flow.
Back in 2002, Clonaid claimed to have cloned a girl, but they have never revealed her details. The company offers cloning services to the general public. Additionally, in 1902, Han Spemann used his baby’s hair to divide salamander
cells for cloning.
With the above facts, it is interesting to see where the cloning technology is headed. Watch out for this fantastic technology.